Sexual Harassment Prevention Training Requirements by State

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Sexual Harassment Prevention Training Requirements

Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) defines harassment as any “offensive conduct that may include, but is not limited to, offensive jokes, slurs, epithets or name calling, physical assaults or threats, intimidation, ridicule or mockery, insults or put-downs, offensive objects or pictures, and interference with work performance.”

The EEOC also notes that the best method to eliminate harassment in the workplace is prevention. Although there isn’t a federally mandated law that requires employers to provide their supervisors or employees with sexual harassment prevention training, some states require training by law. Some states also don’t have a formal policy requiring sexual harassment prevention training but do encourage and suggest employers to take the proper steps to educating the workforce. Below details out which states require training, what kind of training must be provided and to whom:

Alabama

No training requirements

Alaska

No training requirements

Arizona

No training requirements

Arkansas

No training requirements

California

The state of California requires all private employers with 50 or more employees, including full-time, part-time, temporary, and contractors, to provide supervisory employees with sexual harassment prevention training. The supervisors must participate in two hours of training every two years and new supervisors must be trained within the first six months of being in their position.

The training curriculum must include an overview of the definitions of sexual harassment, the principles behind sexual harassment prevention laws, and prevention strategies. Training must also include remedy approaches available for the victims of sexual harassment and practical examples.

Colorado

No training requirements

Connecticut

Connecticut requires all private employers with 50 or more employees to train their supervisory employees. New supervisors must be provided with training within their first six months. Training beyond that is not required but is suggested every three years.

The training curriculum must go over the state and federal sexual harassment laws, the definitions of sexual harassment, the various types of misconduct, remedies available to victims, penalties for the harassers themselves, and prevention strategies.

Delaware

No training requirements

Florida

No training requirements

Georgia

No training requirements

Hawaii

No training requirements

Idaho

No training requirements

Illinois

Training is only required for state agencies. All state agencies must have a sexual harassment policy posted and distributed and must provide sexual harassment training as part of all on-boarding and ongoing training programs.

Indiana

No training requirements

Iowa

Training is only required for managerial and supervisory employees of the executive branch.

Kansas

No training requirements

Kentucky

No training requirements

Louisiana

No training requirements

Maine

The state of Maine requires all employers with 15 or more employees to provide training to all employees and supervisors within the first year of their employment.

Training curriculum must include the definitions and laws of sexual harassment, types of sexual harassment, the complaint process, legal penalties, and protection against retaliation. Further, more specific training must be provided to supervisors and managers about prevention methods and corrective actions when dealing with a sexual harassment complaint.

Maryland

No training requirements

Massachusetts

No training requirements

Michigan

No training requirements

Minnesota

No training requirements

Mississippi

No training requirements

Missouri

No training requirements

Montana

No training requirements

Nebraska

No training requirements

Nevada

The state of Nevada only requires state employees to take a certified sexual harassment class. State employees must take the class within the first six months of their employment and attend a refresher class every two years.

New Hampshire

No training requirements

New Jersey

No training requirements

New Mexico

New Mexico only requires primary and secondary licensed school personnel to either attend training or review literature regarding sexual harassment once a year.

No other employers are required to train.

New York

No training requirements

North Carolina

No training requirements.

North Dakota

No training requirements.

Ohio

No training requirements.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma only requires state employees who investigate discrimination complaints to be trained in all areas of EEO, including sexual harassment.

There are no training requirements for other employers.

Oregon

No training requirements.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania only requires state employees to be trained and educated in sexual harassment.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island only requires state employees to attend sexual harassment training annually, in addition to EEO training.

South Carolina

No training requirements.

South Dakota

No training requirements.

Tennessee

Only state employees are required to attend sexual harassment training in Tennessee.

Texas

The state of Texas requires that all state employees and supervisors attend training within the first 30 days of their employment and receive a refresher class every two years.

Utah

Utah requires all state employees to attend harassment prevention training within the first 90 days of employment and receive a refresher every three years.

Vermont

No training requirements.

Virginia

No training requirements.

Washington

The state of Washington requires all state agencies to provide sexual harassment prevention training and education.

West Virginia

No training requirements.

Wisconsin

No training requirements.

Wyoming

No training requirements.

For more details regarding training requirements, please visit your state’s local website or the EEOC.

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